Refugees Under US-Australia Deal Will Face ‘Extreme Vetting’

Australian Prime Minister Malcolm Turnbull said Wednesday the United States is committed to honoring a deal to resettle a group of asylum seekers from Pacific island camps, even after President Donald Trump signed an order temporarily suspending U.S. refugee admissions.

The agreement was reached during the administration of former U.S. President Barack Obama. It involves about 1,200 migrants who were intercepted trying to reach Australia and taken to the camps in Papua New Guinea and Nauru.

White House spokesman Sean Spicer told reporters Tuesday that "extreme vetting" will be applied to all of the refugees.

Trump began using that term during his campaign for president to describe increased scrutiny of who is allowed into the United States. He first said he wanted to ban all Muslims from entry, but later shifted his policy to one advocating extreme vetting.

There has been controversy in recent days over whether Trump's directive to suspend refugee admissions constitutes a "ban." Trump and Spicer have both used the term to describe his executive order, but Spicer insisted Tuesday it is not a ban and blamed members of the media for popularizing the usage of the term.

It's not a Muslim ban. It's not a travel ban, Spicer told reporters. It's a vetting system to keep America safe.

When asked about a tweet Trump posted Monday using the term ban, Spicer responded that Trump is using the words that the media is using, and pointed to the number of Muslims who are still eligible to enter the U.S.

If the ban were announced with a one week notice, the "bad" would rush into our country during that week. A lot of bad "dudes" out there!

� Donald J. Trump (@realDonaldTrump) January 30, 2017

It can't be a ban if you're letting a million people in. If 325,000 people from another country can come in, that is by nature not a ban. It is extreme vetting, he said.

Trump, in a tweet early Wednesday, addressed the issue, telling members of the media to call it what you want.

Everybody is arguing whether or not it is a BAN. Call it what you want, it is about keeping bad people (with bad intentions) out of country!

� Donald J. Trump (@realDonaldTrump) February 1, 2017

The bulk of the refugees involved in the agreement with Australia are from Afghanistan, Iraq and Iran.

In addition to suspending refugee admissions for 120 days, and indefinitely for Syrian refugees, Trump's order also bans entry for 90 days to anyone from Iran, Iraq, Syria, Yemen, Libya, Somalia and Sudan.

Homeland Security Secretary John Kelly said Tuesday the listed countries lack the kind of law enforcement and record keeping necessary to convincingly describe the backgrounds of their citizens, and that the U.S. will be working with them and other nations to "tighten up on their procedures."

"I would be less than honest if I told you that some of those countries that are currently on the list may not be taken off the list anytime soon. They're countries that are in various states of collapse, as an example, but, ultimately we'd like to see all those countries taken off the list."

In addition to the refugees being considered under the Australia agreement, the U.S. is also preparing to process a group of 872 refugees who are due to arrive this week.

"The Executive Order calls for refugees that were ready to travel, where it would cause undue hardship, that they should be considered for waivers. We have done that in concert with our Department of State colleagues," said Kevin McAleenan, the acting commissioner of the U.S. Customs and Border Protection agency.

Nolan Rappaport, a Washington-based U.S. immigration lawyer and a former immigration counsel for the U.S. Congress, told VOA's Persian Service that he expects the Trump administration to grant more exemptions from the travel restrictions. Trump can waive these travel bans both for refugees and for people from the seven countries on a case-by-case basis, Rappaport said. And if he had done it properly, taking more time with it, he could have set up some mechanism for issuing those waivers before he imposed the ban. As it is now, the public doesn't know much about these waivers � many people don't know they exist and how you get one, but they've already started giving them.

Kelly also reiterated the Trump administration's defense that the immigration order, which includes seven Muslim-majority nations, is "not a ban on Muslims." He said religious liberty is one of the nation's most fundamental values.

U.S. Representative Andre Carson, a Democrat from the midwestern state of Indiana, told VOA's Deewa service the order plays into the recruitment narratives used by militant groups such as Islamic State and al-Qaida, and also sends the message to the seven countries that the U.S. does not trust them.

"I think it inflames Islamophobia, xenophobia, anti-immigrant sentiment. I think it stokes fears in those who see Muslims as being other, and I think it's un-American and un-patriotic," Carson said.

On Wednesday, Iranian President Hassan Rouhani said the entry ban went against "all international principles and commitments," and also contradicted what he said were longstanding claims that the U.S. government opposed the Iranian government, but not its people.

"The basis of this wrong action is illegitimate discrimination. They would always say 'we observe human rights.' This is a violation of human rights," Rouhani said.

Benjamin Johnson, executive director of the American Immigration Lawyers Association, told VOA's Persian service the order is likely to cause more problems than it seeks to solve.

"I have nothing against trying to ensure that our immigration system is secure by doing a review of our systems to ensure that they are adequately screening people and are sufficiently connected to the databases and the intelligence gathering that we need to make smart decisions," Johnson said. "But the notion that we would pass sweeping bans that look and feel a lot like they are focused more on religion and country of origin than they are on people's threat to the U.S. seems to me to be a terrible waste of resources and a completely wrong way to go."

Border security was a major part of Trump's campaign message. In addition to signing the entry ban order, he has also ordered the extension of a wall along the U.S.-Mexico border.

He frequently touted to his supporters his endorsement by the National Border Patrol Council, the union that represents the nation's border patrol agents.

McAleenan announced in a memo Tuesday the appointment of career border patrol official Ronald Vitiello as the new chief of U.S. Border Patrol. Vitiello had the support of the agents' union.

Source: Voice of America