This Tuesday, UN News covers: Growing food crisis in DR Congo; Swine Fever threatens millions of livelihoods in Asia; Human Rights Council told of persistent violations in Eritrea; and the humanitarian impact of on-going fighting in Syria.

DR Congo: UN food agency triples aid in strife-hit Ituri province

The World Food Programme (WFP) held massive food distributions in the Ituri provice, in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, where thousands of persons had fled from their villages due to ethnic clashes. 21 March 2018.

Food aid is being tripled for troubled Ituri province in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), to respond to what the World Food Programme (WFP) has described as the world's second largest hunger crisis in the world, after Yemen.

In addition to worsening hunger, communities in north-east DRC face a deadly Ebola outbreak and inter-ethnic clashes that claimed at least 117 lives between 10 and 13 June, according to a recent report by the UN human rights office, OHCHR.

Read our full story here.

Millions of East and Southeast Asian livelihoods at risk from Swine Fever epidemic

African Swine Fever is a highly contagious disease that can cause a devastating impact on small-scale pig farmers. (file March 2017)

The rapid spread of African Swine Fever (ASF) across East and Southeast Asia is threatening the food security and livelihoods of millions of households in the region which rely on pig farming, The UN's Food and Agriculture Organization, FAO, reported on Tuesday.

Small scale farmers account for a significant proportion of pig meat production in the vast region, and the outbreak is of particularly worrying for these producers, who may lack the expertise and funds necessary to protect their herds from the disease.

Here's the full report.

UN human rights chief alarmed over torture, death of retired Venezuelan navy captain in detention

United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights Michelle Bachelet (file).

The UN human rights chief on Monday, expressed her shock over the alleged torture and subsequent death of a retired navy captain being held in Venezuela.

I am shocked by the alleged torture of Captain Acosta Arevalo, and that his treatment in custody may have been the cause of his death, said UN High Commissioner for Human Rights Michelle Bachelet, stressing that authorities conduct an in-depth investigation, including an autopsy meeting international standards, that is both independent and transparent.

Read more here.

Eritrea rights violations persist, Human Rights Council hears

A bus drives into Ghezghiza Village, Anseba Region of Eritrea (File).

Updating the Human Rights Council on Eritrea, UN-appointed Special Rapporteur Daniela Kravetz welcomed the progress it has made towards a sustainable peace by with Ethiopia after signing a peace declaration last July.

But the Eritrean authorities have not yet engaged in domestic reforms and the human rights situation remains unchanged, Ms. Kravetz maintained.

Main areas of concern include ending indefinite and arbitrary detention and enforced disappearance, the Special Rapporteur said, reforming national military service, strengthening respect for freedom of religion and belief and improving people's freedom of movement.

In response, the Eritrean delegation rejected eight years of resolutions against its country, which it said sought to vilify, isolate and destabilize it and further complicate regional security and development.

Devastating impact of fighting in north-west Syria continues

UN vehicle on mission to Rukban, Syria.

The UN remains deeply alarmed over the humanitarian impact of hostilities in and around the de-escalation zone in the north-west part of Syria, said Spokesperson Stephane Dujarric on Tuesday.

The fighting has left hundreds dead and injured during the past two months, and repeated attacks on civilian infrastructure has resulted in an increased level of displacement.

Hostilities, including airstrikes, artillery shelling and clashes, are largely concentrated in areas controlled by non-State armed groups in Idlib - the last bastion of opposition fighters - but also in Government-controlled areas.

An estimated three million civilians, one million of whom are children, are in imminent danger due to the violence, the UN said.

Since May, 330,000 women, children and men have fled their homes, mostly to overcrowded, overstretched areas.

Despite ongoing hostilities and limited access, the UN and its partners have maintained their humanitarian responses, including life-saving food, protection, education and clean water to hundreds of thousands of civilians in the north-west.

Zika transmission low, but UN health agency warns travelers to be vigilant

In Recife, Brazil, a 15-year-old mother holds her 4-month-old baby born with microcephaly, caused by the Zika virus.

Pregnant women and couples intending to have a baby after travelling to places where Zika virus has been found should consider the risks and possible consequences of infection, the World Health Organization (WHO) said on Tuesday.

In a generally positive update on the spread of the mosquito-borne virus, which was linked to an unprecedented rise in the number of children born with unusually small heads in Brazil, the UN health agency said that Zika persists, but global transmission has been low since 2018.

Here's spokesperson Christian Lindmeier: The good news is that transmission is low. The challenge therefore is that because it is low, it's more difficult to know with certainty where there is and is not transmission.

A total of 87 countries have or have had evidence of mosquito-borne Zika virus.

In addition to its advice to pregnant women or those wanting to become pregnant after travelling to destinations where Zika has been identified, WHO says that male travellers should take precautions up to three months after they have travelled to potential areas of transmission.

Source: UN News Centre

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